Stats SA South Africa Census 2022 In Review
In todays latest South Africa Census news 2022– The next population and housing census, Census 2022, is scheduled to start from 3 February to March 2022. The Census Night will be on 2 February 2022 where fieldworkers will enumerate the homeless, the transient population, those in communal living quarters such as hotels, B&Bs, hospitals, correctional centres, old age homes etc. A census is the total count of a population whereby all people – including children, babies, homeless people and foreign nationals within the borders of a country – are counted. A census collects data about a country’s socio-economic dynamics – people’s living conditions, access to basic services, income, etc.
Stats SA is mandated by the Statistics Act (Act No. 6 of 1999) to collect data for official statistics and to conduct a census. In terms of section 17 of the Act, information collected on individuals and their households remains confidential. The Act also makes it obligatory to provide data to Stats SA fieldworkers administering questionnaires for producing official statistics. Also Read: Stats SA 2022 Census Recruitment for South Africans
Stats SA has conducted three censuses since 1994: in 1996, 2001 and 2011. The data collected during a census is used for planning, policy formulation and evidence-based decision-making. The results of a Census are also the basis for budget allocations across local, provincial and national government. They also provide municipalities with small area data for use in their Integrated Development Plans (IDPs).
As part of quality assessment, Stats SA conducts an independent survey called the Post-enumeration Survey (PES). The PES 2022 will be conducted only in selected areas shortly after the completion of Census 2022 data collection. Data collection will be conducted from March to April 2022. The PES 2022 is important as it is used to measure the accuracy and reach of the Census. The PES 2022 will also assist in identifying the number of households and persons erroneously included, missed or counted more than once during the Census 2022.
Census 2022 will be the first digital population count and will give the respondents the option to complete the census questionnaire with or without the assistance of a census fieldworker. It will further allow the respondents to access the census questionnaire remotely, thus enabling Stats SA to reach populations in all settlements. The multi-modal approach to data collection, includes:
- Computer Assisted Personal interview (CAPI) which involves face-to-face interviews with a census fieldworker who will visit households and also collect data from population in transit/travelling, homeless and Special Dwelling Institutions (Hotels, B&B, Guest houses, Hospitals, Police and military barracks, Prisons and boarding schools, nursing homes, etc.).
- Computer Assisted Web Interview (CAWI) which enables the respondent to complete the census questionnaire online after registering.
- Computer Assisted Telephonic Interview (CATI) whereby the respondent completes the census questionnaire telephonically with the assistance of a Stats SA official.